Search Results for: the salt merchants of tianjin

The Salt Merchants Of Tianjin

The Salt Merchants of Tianjin PDF

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Author: Man Bun Kwan
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 9780824822750
Size: 15.90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 239
View: 6758

For nearly 400 years the Changlu salt merchants played a leading role in the urbanization and social change of the city of Tianjin. This work studies the social role of the salt merchants and reveals how they helped stabilize the city and assumed many civic responsibilities.


A Court On Horseback

A Court on Horseback PDF

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Author: Michael G Chang
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 1684174562
Size: 46.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages :
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"Between 1751 and 1784, the Qianlong emperor embarked upon six southern tours, traveling from Beijing to Jiangnan and back. These tours were exercises in political theater that took the Manchu emperor through one of the Qing empire’s most prosperous regions. This study elucidates the tensions and the constant negotiations characterizing the relationship between the imperial center and Jiangnan, which straddled the two key provinces of Jiangsu and Zhejiang. Politically, economically, and culturally, Jiangnan was the undisputed center of the Han Chinese world; it also remained a bastion of Ming loyalism and anti-Manchu sentiment. How did the Qing court constitute its authority and legitimate its domination over this pivotal region? What were the precise terms and historical dynamics of Qing rule over China proper during the long eighteenth century? In the course of addressing such questions, this study also explores the political culture within and through which High Qing rule was constituted and contested by a range of actors, all of whom operated within socially and historically structured contexts. The author argues that the southern tours occupied a central place in the historical formation of Qing rule during a period of momentous change affecting all strata of the eighteenth-century polity."


The Rise And Fall Of A Public Debt Market In 16th Century China

The Rise and Fall of a Public Debt Market in 16th Century China PDF

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Author: Wing-kin Puk
Publisher: Brill
ISBN: 9004306404
Size: 13.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 210
View: 481

In The Rise and Fall of a Public Debt Market in 16th-Century China, Wing-kin Puk explains the fate of Capitalism in late imperial China through the strange journey of a piece of paper: the Ming salt certificate.


Geschichte Chinas 1279 1949

Geschichte Chinas 1279 1949 PDF

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Author: Sabine Dabringhaus
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110398540
Size: 53.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 337
View: 4990

Sabine Dabringhaus presents 700 years of Chinese history, from the Yuan Dynasty to Mao’s rise to power. She addresses key topics in research, including the Chinese state, questions about periodization and interpretation, China’s foreign relations and social structure, as well as modernization, reform, and revolution. An updated bibliography rounds out the revised third edition.


Hygienic Modernity

Hygienic Modernity PDF

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Author: Ruth Rogaski
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520283821
Size: 70.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 420
View: 3404

Placing meanings of health and disease at the center of modern Chinese consciousness, Ruth Rogaski reveals how hygiene became a crucial element in the formulation of Chinese modernity in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Rogaski focuses on multiple manifestations across time of a single Chinese concept, weisheng—which has been rendered into English as "hygiene," "sanitary," "health," or "public health"—as it emerged in the complex treaty-port environment of Tianjin. Before the late nineteenth century, weisheng was associated with diverse regimens of diet, meditation, and self-medication. Hygienic Modernity reveals how meanings of weisheng, with the arrival of violent imperialism, shifted from Chinese cosmology to encompass such ideas as national sovereignty, laboratory knowledge, the cleanliness of bodies, and the fitness of races: categories in which the Chinese were often deemed lacking by foreign observers and Chinese elites alike.


Beyond Market And Hierarchy

Beyond Market and Hierarchy PDF

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Author: K. Man-Bun
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137331941
Size: 45.65 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 234
View: 5499

Based on extensive archival research, Beyond Market and Hierarchy reconstructs how Fan waged modern China's war of salts. Led by his Jiuda Salt Industries, the nascent refined salt industry battled revenue farmers who, as a group, monopolized the production and distribution of evaporated salt.


Des Kaisers Neue Schulen

Des Kaisers neue Schulen PDF

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Author: Hajo Frölich
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110558866
Size: 41.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 441
View: 3901

1901 begann Chinas Regierung ein Reformprogramm, auf dem das Land bis heute aufbaut. Zehn Jahre später ging das Kaiserreich unter. Ein Widerspruch? Die genaue Untersuchung der Bildungsreformen in der Provinz Guangdong zeigt, wie der Erfolg den Untergang beschleunigte. Neue Techniken und Maßstäbe, die die Qing-Dynastie selbst einführte, enthüllten erst, wie schlimm es um den alten Staat bestellt war.


Living The Good Life

Living the Good Life PDF

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Author: Elif Akçetin
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004353453
Size: 26.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 592
View: 719

An exploration how consumer goods in eighteenth-century Qing and Ottoman empires furthered the expansion of social networks, the creation of alliances between rulers and regional elites, and particularly, the expression of elite, urban, and gender identities


Die Verwandlung Der Welt

Die Verwandlung der Welt PDF

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Author: Jürgen Osterhammel
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406751644
Size: 67.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 1568
View: 3003

Mit dem 19. Jahrhundert beginnt die Vorgeschichte der Gegenwart. Es war das Zeitalter der großen politischen Ideologien und der Verwissenschaftlichung des Daseins, der Eisenbahn und der Industrie, der Massenemigration zwischen den Kontinenten und der ersten Welle wirtschaftlicher und kommunikativer Globalisierung, des Nationalismus und der imperialen Expansion Europas in alle Teile der Erde. Zugleich ist das 19. Jahrhundert aus heutiger Sicht fern und fremd geworden: eine faszinierende Welt von gestern. Dieses Buch porträtiert und analysiert die Epoche in weltgeschichtlicher Sicht: als eine Zeit dramatischer Umbrüche in Europa, Asien, Afrika und Amerika und als eine Ära entstehender Globalität. Jürgen Osterhammel erzählt kundig und facettenreich die Geschichte einer Welt im Umbruch. Aus einer Fülle an Material und einer Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Blickwinkel entsteht das Porträt einer faszinierenden Epoche. Osterhammel fragt nach Strukturen und Mustern, markiert Zäsuren und Kontinuitäten, Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede. Seine kulturübergreifenden, thematisch aufgefächerten Darstellungen und Analysen verbinden sich dabei zu einem kühnen Geschichtspanorama, das nicht nur traditionelle eurozentrische Ansätze weit hinter sich lässt, sondern auch erheblich mehr bietet als die gängigen historiographischen Paradigmen wie Industrialisierung oder Kolonialismus. Die Herausbildung unterschiedlicher Wissensgesellschaften, das Verhältnis Mensch- Natur oder der Umgang mit Krankheit und Andersartigkeit kommen darin ebenso zur Sprache wie Besonderheiten der Urbanisierung, verschiedene Formen von Bürgerlichkeit oder die Gegensätze von Migration und Sesshaftigkeit, Anpassung und Revolte, Säkularisierung und Religiosität. Zugleich stellt Osterhammel immer wieder Bezüge zur Gegenwart her. Auf der Höhe der Forschung, engagiert geschrieben und zugleich wohltuend unideologisch, ist sein Werk nicht nur ein Handbuch für jeden Historiker. Seine plastischen Schilderungen ziehen auch den interessierten Laien in den Bann eines Jahrhunderts, dessen Bedeutung in dieser welthistorisch angelegten Epochengeschichte ganz neu ausgelotet wird.


Chinese Hinterland Capitalism And Shanxi Piaohao

Chinese Hinterland Capitalism and Shanxi Piaohao PDF

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Author: Luman Wang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000194280
Size: 67.79 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 196
View: 3427

This book examines Shanxi piaohao—private financiers from the Chinese hinterland—in the economic and business history of late imperial China, forming the original theory of Chinese hinterland capitalism. Deepening the existing understanding of capitalist dynamics at work in the families and financial institutions of late imperial China, the book foregrounds the expansionist role played by Shanxi piaohao in transforming China’s market and trade from an agrarian empire to a modern nation state. In a departure for economic history, it also focuses on the histories of the people and their lifeworlds behind financial institutions, which have previously been erased by universal capitalist narratives. Persistent binary oppositions between coastal areas and hinterland; state and market; and institutions and families are each transcended in recounting the local histories of global capital in the marginalized countryside and borderlands of China. Based on a wealth of archival material and correspondence with Shanxi piaohao offices and branches, Chinese Hinterland Capitalism and Shanxi Piaohao will appeal to students and scholars of Chinese and economic history, anthropology, and postcolonial studies more generally.